The issue of journals in open science: A functional approach
Open science has become a top priority of the French government’s research policy. One of the main areas of this policy is the opening up of research data and scientific publications. Based on its traditional functions (certification, registration, dissemination, archive), the article questions the impact of open science policy on scientific journals, in particular in three areas: their role in the functioning of evaluation and monitoring systems (political function), their role in the functioning of data systems, in particular for the acquisition and exploitation of massive data by the information industry (big data function), and their role in the economic functioning of publishers, aggregators, agencies etc. (economic function). Since access to journals becomes free, the question arises as to whether the use of journals does not become the real product of the platforms, through the information generated.